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矿业开采智能化的关键技术你了解了么?
2018/12/19 16:57:46来源:中国起重机械设备网

智能(neng)开(kai)采(cai)始于 20 世纪八(ba)九十年(nian)代的(de)(de)自动采(cai)矿(kuang)技术(Automated mining)和遥控(kong)(kong)采(cai)矿(kuang)技术 (Telemining /Distance mining),1992年(nian)芬(fen)兰提出智能(neng)矿(kuang)山(Intellimine)计划(hua),煤(mei)炭智能(neng)开(kai)采(cai)的(de)(de)概念基(ji)本确定(ding)。当前我国(guo)老油(you)(you)田、非常规、深(shen)层、深(shen)水等油(you)(you)气(qi)(qi)勘探开(kai)发(fa)亟需(xu)利用智能(neng)化(hua)(hua)装(zhuang)备(bei)与(yu)材料,对油(you)(you)气(qi)(qi)田生产(chan)动态(tai)进行(xing)智能(neng)调控(kong)(kong),以降(jiang)低开(kai)发(fa)成本、 提高(gao)油(you)(you)气(qi)(qi)产(chan)量(liang)和采(cai)收率。智能(neng)开(kai)采(cai)是指在不需(xu)要(yao)人(ren)工(gong)直接干(gan)预(yu)的(de)(de)情况下,通过开(kai)采(cai)环(huan)境的(de)(de)智能(neng)感(gan)知、 开(kai)采(cai)装(zhuang)备(bei)的(de)(de)智能(neng)调控(kong)(kong)、开(kai)采(cai)作业的(de)(de)自主巡(xun)航,由开(kai)采(cai)装(zhuang)备(bei)独立完成的(de)(de)回(hui)采(cai)作业过程。煤(mei)炭与(yu)油(you)(you)气(qi)(qi)的(de)(de)智能(neng)化(hua)(hua)开(kai)采(cai)是在机械化(hua)(hua)开(kai)采(cai)、自动化(hua)(hua)开(kai)采(cai)的(de)(de)基(ji)础上, 通过信(xin)息化(hua)(hua)与(yu)工(gong)业化(hua)(hua)的(de)(de)深(shen)度融合提高(gao)生产(chan)效率和经(jing)济效益的(de)(de)革命性技术。

1)煤(mei)(mei)炭智(zhi)(zhi)能(neng)开(kai)采(cai)(cai)关键(jian)工(gong)(gong)程技(ji)(ji)术(shu)、装(zhuang)(zhuang)备(bei)与材料。 它是(shi)(shi)环境(jing)感知、智(zhi)(zhi)能(neng)决策(ce)、自(zi)(zi)(zi)(zi)动(dong)(dong)(dong)控(kong)(kong)(kong)(kong)制(zhi)(zhi)三(san)个技(ji)(ji)术(shu)单元的(de)(de)(de)(de)深度整合,涉及工(gong)(gong)程环境(jing)感知、数(shu)字(zi)矿(kuang)山、矿(kuang)山 物联(lian)网、大数(shu)据云计算、装(zhuang)(zhuang)备(bei)控(kong)(kong)(kong)(kong)制(zhi)(zhi)自(zi)(zi)(zi)(zi)动(dong)(dong)(dong)化(hua)五(wu)个分支。 工(gong)(gong)程环境(jing)感知是(shi)(shi)针对井下设备(bei)、人(ren)员和灾害三(san)个方面的(de)(de)(de)(de)自(zi)(zi)(zi)(zi)动(dong)(dong)(dong)探(tan)测与传输技(ji)(ji)术(shu),旨在(zai)解决复杂(za)地质条件 下采(cai)(cai)煤(mei)(mei)作业(ye)(ye)全过(guo)程监控(kong)(kong)(kong)(kong)自(zi)(zi)(zi)(zi)动(dong)(dong)(dong)化(hua)与精细化(hua)问(wen)题。澳大利亚(ya)侧(ce)重(zhong)于(yu)以热红外(wai)成像为基础的(de)(de)(de)(de)煤(mei)(mei)层(ceng)地质结构(gou)智(zhi)(zhi)能(neng)探(tan)测;中国(guo)(guo)(guo)聚焦(jiao)于(yu)采(cai)(cai)煤(mei)(mei)装(zhuang)(zhuang)备(bei)位置与姿态的(de)(de)(de)(de)智(zhi)(zhi)能(neng)探(tan)测。我国(guo)(guo)(guo)智(zhi)(zhi)能(neng)开(kai)采(cai)(cai)装(zhuang)(zhuang)备(bei)水平与国(guo)(guo)(guo)外(wai)相当,具有(you)(you)采(cai)(cai)煤(mei)(mei)机运(yun)行参(can)数(shu)、机器故障参(can)数(shu)、机器姿态参(can)数(shu)等在(zai)线(xian)感知能(neng)力,具有(you)(you)采(cai)(cai)煤(mei)(mei)机截(jie)割(ge)滚筒记(ji)忆截(jie)割(ge)、机载(zai)无线(xian)收发(fa)信(xin)号功(gong)能(neng),能(neng)够构(gou)建采(cai)(cai)煤(mei)(mei)机远(yuan)程监控(kong)(kong)(kong)(kong)系(xi)统。 国(guo)(guo)(guo)外(wai)主(zhu)流电液控(kong)(kong)(kong)(kong)制(zhi)(zhi)液压(ya)(ya)支架(jia)可(ke)(ke)完成综(zong)(zong)采(cai)(cai)工(gong)(gong)作面设备(bei) 远(yuan)程控(kong)(kong)(kong)(kong)制(zhi)(zhi)和系(xi)统故障诊断等功(gong)能(neng),国(guo)(guo)(guo)内(nei)液压(ya)(ya)支架(jia)电液控(kong)(kong)(kong)(kong)制(zhi)(zhi)系(xi)统可(ke)(ke)靠性(xing)仍(reng)与国(guo)(guo)(guo)外(wai)技(ji)(ji)术(shu)存在(zai)一定差(cha)距。目(mu)前(qian),我国(guo)(guo)(guo)自(zi)(zi)(zi)(zi)主(zhu)研发(fa)的(de)(de)(de)(de)刮(gua)板输送机智(zhi)(zhi)能(neng)化(hua)主(zhu)要(yao)(yao)体(ti)现为 软启动(dong)(dong)(dong)控(kong)(kong)(kong)(kong)制(zhi)(zhi)、刮(gua)板链(lian)自(zi)(zi)(zi)(zi)动(dong)(dong)(dong)张紧和运(yun)行工(gong)(gong)况监测技(ji)(ji)术(shu)。综(zong)(zong)采(cai)(cai)工(gong)(gong)作面智(zhi)(zhi)能(neng)化(hua)集(ji)成系(xi)统可(ke)(ke)实(shi)(shi)现综(zong)(zong)采(cai)(cai)工(gong)(gong)作面采(cai)(cai)煤(mei)(mei)机、液压(ya)(ya)支架(jia)、刮(gua)板输送机、转(zhuan)载(zai)机、破碎机、带式输送机、组合开(kai)关、移(yi)动(dong)(dong)(dong)变电站等设备(bei)的(de)(de)(de)(de)智(zhi)(zhi)能(neng)化(hua)集(ji)成控(kong)(kong)(kong)(kong)制(zhi)(zhi)及协同(tong)互锁,在(zai)一些煤(mei)(mei)矿(kuang)应用之(zhi)后实(shi)(shi)现了(le)综(zong)(zong)采(cai)(cai)工(gong)(gong)作面自(zi)(zi)(zi)(zi)动(dong)(dong)(dong)化(hua)和少人(ren)化(hua)。装(zhuang)(zhuang)备(bei)控(kong)(kong)(kong)(kong)制(zhi)(zhi)自(zi)(zi)(zi)(zi)动(dong)(dong)(dong)化(hua)是(shi)(shi)指在(zai)不需要(yao)(yao)人(ren)工(gong)(gong)直接(jie)干(gan)预情况下,采(cai)(cai)掘装(zhuang)(zhuang)备(bei)通(tong)过(guo)预编程序实(shi)(shi)现自(zi)(zi)(zi)(zi)主(zhu)调控(kong)(kong)(kong)(kong)、采(cai)(cai)掘作业(ye)(ye)的(de)(de)(de)(de)自(zi)(zi)(zi)(zi)主(zhu)巡航,由采(cai)(cai)掘装(zhuang)(zhuang)备(bei)独立完成的(de)(de)(de)(de)回采(cai)(cai)作业(ye)(ye)。澳大利亚(ya)重(zhong)点发(fa)展采(cai)(cai)煤(mei)(mei)机的(de)(de)(de)(de)记(ji)忆割(ge)煤(mei)(mei)与自(zi)(zi)(zi)(zi)主(zhu)导航技(ji)(ji)术(shu),中国(guo)(guo)(guo)聚焦(jiao)于(yu)井下采(cai)(cai)掘装(zhuang)(zhuang)备(bei)远(yuan)程遥控(kong)(kong)(kong)(kong)技(ji)(ji)术(shu)。

2)数(shu)(shu)(shu)字(zi)矿(kuang)(kuang)山(shan)(shan)(shan)(shan)与(yu)矿(kuang)(kuang)山(shan)(shan)(shan)(shan)物联(lian)(lian)网(wang)(wang)(wang)关键工(gong)程技(ji)(ji)(ji)术、装备(bei)(bei)与(yu)材料。它是以矿(kuang)(kuang)山(shan)(shan)(shan)(shan)空(kong)间(jian)数(shu)(shu)(shu)据(ju)(ju)与(yu)模(mo)(mo)(mo)型为(wei)中心,是空(kong)间(jian)信息(xi)(xi)技(ji)(ji)(ji)术、网(wang)(wang)(wang)络技(ji)(ji)(ji)术及(ji)可(ke)视(shi)化技(ji)(ji)(ji)术在(zai)(zai)矿(kuang)(kuang)山(shan)(shan)(shan)(shan)企业综合(he)应(ying)(ying)用(yong)的(de)(de)集中体现,其基本任务是通过统(tong)(tong)一(yi)时(shi)空(kong) 基准(zhun)、统(tong)(tong)一(yi)数(shu)(shu)(shu)据(ju)(ju)标(biao)准(zhun)、统(tong)(tong)一(yi)网(wang)(wang)(wang)络结构和(he)(he)统(tong)(tong)一(yi)集成平台,为(wei)矿(kuang)(kuang)山(shan)(shan)(shan)(shan)生产全过程的(de)(de)可(ke)视(shi)化、精细化、智能化管控提(ti)供数(shu)(shu)(shu)据(ju)(ju)保障与(yu)技(ji)(ji)(ji)术支持。数(shu)(shu)(shu)字(zi)矿(kuang)(kuang)山(shan)(shan)(shan)(shan)未(wei)来(lai)的(de)(de)主攻方向为(wei):矿(kuang)(kuang)山(shan)(shan)(shan)(shan)空(kong)间(jian)数(shu)(shu)(shu)据(ju)(ju)仓库与(yu)数(shu)(shu)(shu)据(ju)(ju)更新技(ji)(ji)(ji)术、矿(kuang)(kuang)山(shan)(shan)(shan)(shan)数(shu)(shu)(shu)据(ju)(ju)挖掘与(yu)知(zhi)(zhi)识发现技(ji)(ji)(ji)术、真 3D 实体建(jian)(jian)(jian)模(mo)(mo)(mo)与(yu)虚拟采(cai)矿(kuang)(kuang)技(ji)(ji)(ji)术。矿(kuang)(kuang)山(shan)(shan)(shan)(shan)物联(lian)(lian)网(wang)(wang)(wang)由感(gan)知(zhi)(zhi)层(ceng)(ceng)、传(chuan)输层(ceng)(ceng)、分(fen)(fen)析层(ceng)(ceng)和(he)(he)应(ying)(ying)用(yong)层(ceng)(ceng)组成,依(yi)托覆(fu)盖矿(kuang)(kuang)山(shan)(shan)(shan)(shan)井上(shang)井下的(de)(de)高(gao)速网(wang)(wang)(wang)络建(jian)(jian)(jian)设矿(kuang)(kuang)山(shan)(shan)(shan)(shan)传(chuan)感(gan)网(wang)(wang)(wang),通过多(duo)种传(chuan)感(gan)器将矿(kuang)(kuang)山(shan)(shan)(shan)(shan)环境、 设备(bei)(bei)及(ji)人(ren)员实时(shi)联(lian)(lian)接起来(lai),对(dui)矿(kuang)(kuang)山(shan)(shan)(shan)(shan)灾害(hai)环境、设备(bei)(bei)健康状况、人(ren)员安全态势(shi)的(de)(de)实时(shi)监测、感(gan)知(zhi)(zhi)、交流(liu)与(yu)控制。矿(kuang)(kuang)山(shan)(shan)(shan)(shan)物联(lian)(lian)网(wang)(wang)(wang)未(wei)来(lai)发展的(de)(de)重点为(wei):多(duo)网(wang)(wang)(wang)融合(he) 传(chuan)输技(ji)(ji)(ji)术、多(duo)参量信息(xi)(xi)分(fen)(fen)析处理(li)技(ji)(ji)(ji)术。随着矿(kuang)(kuang)山(shan)(shan)(shan)(shan)物联(lian)(lian)网(wang)(wang)(wang)覆(fu)盖的(de)(de)范围越(yue)来(lai)越(yue)广,“人(ren)、机、物”三元世界在(zai)(zai)信息(xi)(xi)空(kong)间(jian)中交互、融合(he)所产生并在(zai)(zai)互联(lian)(lian)网(wang)(wang)(wang)上(shang)可(ke)获得的(de)(de)数(shu)(shu)(shu)据(ju)(ju)也越(yue)来(lai)越(yue)大(da),这些数(shu)(shu)(shu)据(ju)(ju)的(de)(de)内在(zai)(zai)价(jia)值的(de)(de)提(ti)取和(he)(he)利用(yong)需要用(yong)超大(da)规模(mo)(mo)(mo)、高(gao)可(ke)扩展的(de)(de)云计(ji)算技(ji)(ji)(ji)术来(lai)支撑。煤矿(kuang)(kuang)大(da)数(shu)(shu)(shu)据(ju)(ju)云计(ji)算技(ji)(ji)(ji)术尚处于起步阶段, 需要在(zai)(zai)统(tong)(tong)一(yi)技(ji)(ji)(ji)术标(biao)准(zhun)、数(shu)(shu)(shu)据(ju)(ju)建(jian)(jian)(jian)模(mo)(mo)(mo)两方面(mian)着力发展。

3)智(zhi)能(neng)(neng)(neng)化钻(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)井(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)关键工(gong)程技(ji)术(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)、装(zhuang)备(bei)与材料。 智(zhi)能(neng)(neng)(neng)化钻(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)井(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)通(tong)过(guo)(guo)(guo)结合(he)(he)大数(shu)(shu)(shu)据(ju)(ju)、人(ren)工(gong)智(zhi)能(neng)(neng)(neng)等(deng)(deng),利(li)用(yong)超前探测、闭(bi)(bi)环调(diao)控(kong)、精准制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)导,可有效规避(bi)钻(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)井(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)风险, 形(xing)成(cheng)高(gao)(gao)(gao)(gao)(gao)(gao)质量(liang)井(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)眼(yan),提高(gao)(gao)(gao)(gao)(gao)(gao)钻(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)井(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)速度(du)(du)、钻(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)遇率,降低钻(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan) 井(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)成(cheng)本,是(shi)保证完井(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)、生(sheng)产(chan)顺利(li)开展的(de)(de)基础。智(zhi)能(neng)(neng)(neng)化钻(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)井(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)需(xu)要基于钻(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)井(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)过(guo)(guo)(guo)程大数(shu)(shu)(shu)据(ju)(ju),通(tong)过(guo)(guo)(guo)分析实(shi)时工(gong)况,对钻(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)井(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)破(po)岩参数(shu)(shu)(shu)进行自(zi)适(shi)应优化,智(zhi)能(neng)(neng)(neng)调(diao)控(kong)井(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)眼(yan)轨迹(ji)。其(qi)中智(zhi)能(neng)(neng)(neng)化钻(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)井(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)关键工(gong)程技(ji)术(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)主要涉(she)及(ji)数(shu)(shu)(shu)据(ju)(ju)双向(xiang)高(gao)(gao)(gao)(gao)(gao)(gao)效传输技(ji)术(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)、闭(bi)(bi)环智(zhi)能(neng)(neng)(neng)调(diao)控(kong)技(ji)术(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)、钻(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)井(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)智(zhi)能(neng)(neng)(neng)导向(xiang)技(ji)术(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)。钻(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)井(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)过(guo)(guo)(guo)程会产(chan)生(sheng)海(hai)量(liang)数(shu)(shu)(shu)据(ju)(ju),为了(le)确保地面控(kong)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)系(xi)统(tong)与井(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)下信息(xi)的(de)(de)动(dong)态交互,需(xu)要利(li)用(yong)智(zhi)能(neng)(neng)(neng)钻(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)杆等(deng)(deng)装(zhuang)备(bei)进行更高(gao)(gao)(gao)(gao)(gao)(gao)效的(de)(de)数(shu)(shu)(shu)据(ju)(ju)传输。利(li)用(yong)对钻(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)井(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)数(shu)(shu)(shu)据(ju)(ju)的(de)(de)智(zhi)能(neng)(neng)(neng)分析,通(tong)过(guo)(guo)(guo)信号反馈,优化钻(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)井(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)参数(shu)(shu)(shu),形(xing)成(cheng)钻(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)井(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)信息(xi)闭(bi)(bi)环调(diao)控(kong),显著(zhu)提高(gao)(gao)(gao)(gao)(gao)(gao)了(le)钻(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)井(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)数(shu)(shu)(shu)据(ju)(ju)处(chu)理(li)效率,具体(ti)(ti)涉(she)及(ji)无(wu)人(ren)化钻(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)台、智(zhi)能(neng)(neng)(neng)控(kong)压(ya)、一体(ti)(ti)化司钻(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)控(kong)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)等(deng)(deng)装(zhuang)备(bei)。智(zhi)能(neng)(neng)(neng)导向(xiang)是(shi)根据(ju)(ju)地层条件与地面控(kong)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)指(zhi)令,控(kong)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)钻(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)头(tou)钻(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)速进行靶点(dian)定(ding)向(xiang)钻(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)进,具体(ti)(ti)涉(she)及(ji)智(zhi)能(neng)(neng)(neng)钻(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)头(tou)等(deng)(deng)装(zhuang)备(bei)。为了(le)提高(gao)(gao)(gao)(gao)(gao)(gao)复杂(za)条件下工(gong)具性能(neng)(neng)(neng), 碳纤维复合(he)(he)材料、高(gao)(gao)(gao)(gao)(gao)(gao)熵合(he)(he)金、超级钢(gang)、纯相(xiang)多(duo)晶金刚石等(deng)(deng)材料受到(dao)国(guo)内(nei)外广泛(fan)关注(zhu)。同时,仿生(sheng)钻(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)井(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)液(ye)、超分子聚合(he)(he)物(wu)钻(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)井(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)液(ye)等(deng)(deng)作为井(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)眼(yan)钻(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)进与顺利(li)进行的(de)(de)重要载体(ti)(ti)在国(guo)内(nei)外得(de)到(dao)了(le)广泛(fan)研(yan)究。当前,挪威(wei)已(yi)将高(gao)(gao)(gao)(gao)(gao)(gao)度(du)(du)灵活(huo)、可执行多(duo)任务(wu)无(wu)人(ren)化钻(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)台应用(yong)于 现场(chang)。贝克休(xiu)斯首款 TerrAdapt 自(zi)适(shi)应钻(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)头(tou),通(tong)过(guo)(guo)(guo)自(zi)动(dong)化控(kong)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)来大幅减小井(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)下故障发(fa)生(sheng)频(pin)率。英国(guo)北海(hai) Babbage 油田通(tong)过(guo)(guo)(guo)智(zhi)能(neng)(neng)(neng)闭(bi)(bi)环控(kong)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi),利(li)用(yong)智(zhi)能(neng)(neng)(neng)钻(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)杆的(de)(de)数(shu)(shu)(shu)据(ju)(ju)高(gao)(gao)(gao)(gao)(gao)(gao)效传输,使(shi)机械钻(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)速提高(gao)(gao)(gao)(gao)(gao)(gao)了(le)近200%。斯伦贝谢、贝克休(xiu)斯、威(wei)德福、哈里伯顿等(deng)(deng)相(xiang)继将智(zhi) 能(neng)(neng)(neng)导向(xiang)技(ji)术(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)用(yong)于钻(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)井(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)现场(chang)。

4)智(zhi)(zhi)能(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)化(hua)(hua)完(wan)(wan)(wan)井(jing)(jing)(jing)关键工(gong)程(cheng)技术(shu)、装(zhuang)(zhuang)备与(yu)材(cai)料。 智(zhi)(zhi)能(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)化(hua)(hua)完(wan)(wan)(wan)井(jing)(jing)(jing)是借助(zhu)先进(jin)(jin)的传(chuan)感(gan)、传(chuan)输、自(zi)动(dong)化(hua)(hua)控(kong)(kong)(kong)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)设备,结合大(da)数据、人工(gong)智(zhi)(zhi)能(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)等(deng),可(ke)(ke)对(dui)油(you)气生(sheng)产(chan)过(guo)程(cheng)进(jin)(jin)行(xing)(xing)实(shi)(shi)时(shi)(shi)监(jian)测与(yu)控(kong)(kong)(kong)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi),为智(zhi)(zhi)能(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)生(sheng)产(chan)的进(jin)(jin)行(xing)(xing)提供有(you)力支撑。智(zhi)(zhi)能(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)化(hua)(hua)完(wan)(wan)(wan)井(jing)(jing)(jing)是利(li)用结合大(da)数据、人工(gong)智(zhi)(zhi)能(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)等(deng),通(tong)过(guo)自(zi)动(dong)化(hua)(hua)装(zhuang)(zhuang)备,进(jin)(jin)行(xing)(xing)层(ceng)(ceng)(ceng)间隔(ge)离、永久(jiu)监(jian)测、流量(liang)控(kong)(kong)(kong)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)、出砂控(kong)(kong)(kong)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi),为智(zhi)(zhi)能(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)化(hua)(hua)生(sheng)产(chan)提供有(you)效(xiao)支撑。其中(zhong)智(zhi)(zhi)能(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)化(hua)(hua)完(wan)(wan)(wan)井(jing)(jing)(jing)关键工(gong)程(cheng)技术(shu)主要涉及油(you)井(jing)(jing)(jing)开采入流控(kong)(kong)(kong)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)技术(shu)、完(wan)(wan)(wan)井(jing)(jing)(jing)参数智(zhi)(zhi)能(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)优化(hua)(hua)技术(shu)。当(dang)前(qian),一体化(hua)(hua)完(wan)(wan)(wan)井(jing)(jing)(jing)管理控(kong)(kong)(kong)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)系(xi)统(tong)集井(jing)(jing)(jing)下(xia)监(jian)测、数据传(chuan)输、分层(ceng)(ceng)(ceng)流量(liang)控(kong)(kong)(kong)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)于一体,可(ke)(ke)以实(shi)(shi)现油(you)藏(zang)信息管理、动(dong)态数据共享和流量(liang)智(zhi)(zhi)能(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)调(diao)控(kong)(kong)(kong), 受(shou)到国内外(wai)广泛关注,具体涉及井(jing)(jing)(jing)下(xia)传(chuan)感(gan)器(qi)、井(jing)(jing)(jing)下(xia)生(sheng)产(chan)控(kong)(kong)(kong)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)器(qi)、多(duo)通(tong)道封(feng)隔(ge)器(qi)等(deng)装(zhuang)(zhuang)置。当(dang)前(qian),贝(bei)克休斯 InCharge 完(wan)(wan)(wan)井(jing)(jing)(jing)系(xi)统(tong)利(li)用电(dian)力液(ye)(ye)压驱动(dong),可(ke)(ke)控(kong)(kong)(kong)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)多(duo)达 12 个产(chan)层(ceng)(ceng)(ceng),实(shi)(shi)现无级节流。斯伦贝(bei)谢(xie) Manara 完(wan)(wan)(wan)井(jing)(jing)(jing)系(xi)统(tong),可(ke)(ke)进(jin)(jin)行(xing)(xing)数据无线(xian)传(chuan)输、多(duo)通(tong)道封(feng)隔(ge)、分层(ceng)(ceng)(ceng)监(jian)控(kong)(kong)(kong)。此外(wai),哈里伯顿、中(zhong)石(shi)油(you)等(deng)也相(xiang)继推出了SmartWell、EIC-Riped完(wan)(wan)(wan)井(jing)(jing)(jing)系(xi)统(tong)。同时(shi)(shi), 结合纳米材(cai)料与(yu)完(wan)(wan)(wan)井(jing)(jing)(jing)液(ye)(ye)的多(duo)功(gong)能(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)智(zhi)(zhi)能(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)化(hua)(hua)纳米完(wan)(wan)(wan)井(jing)(jing)(jing)液(ye)(ye)体系(xi),可(ke)(ke)对(dui)井(jing)(jing)(jing)下(xia)复杂情(qing)况或事故(gu)进(jin)(jin)行(xing)(xing)自(zi)动(dong)识(shi)别与(yu)处理,已成为未来发展趋势。

5)智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)能(neng)(neng)化(hua)(hua)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)产(chan)(chan)关键(jian)工程技(ji)(ji)术、装(zhuang)备(bei)与材料。 智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)能(neng)(neng)化(hua)(hua)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)产(chan)(chan)是基(ji)于(yu)大数(shu)(shu)据(ju)(ju)、尝试学(xue)习等(deng)(deng)对油(you)(you)(you)(you)气(qi)(qi)田(tian)(tian)(tian)全生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)命周期的(de)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)产(chan)(chan)进(jin)行(xing)动(dong)态(tai)管理(li)(li)与优化(hua)(hua)。利用(yong)研究(jiu)分(fen)支(zhi)间(jian)协(xie)同工作(zuo),通过(guo)资(zi)料数(shu)(shu)据(ju)(ju)、仪器设备(bei)、施(shi)工作(zuo)业等(deng)(deng)有效(xiao)整合(he),进(jin)而可实现(xian)油(you)(you)(you)(you)气(qi)(qi)开(kai)采(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)能(neng)(neng)化(hua)(hua)。智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)能(neng)(neng)化(hua)(hua)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)产(chan)(chan)利用(yong)传(chuan)感装(zhuang)置采(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)集井(jing)下(xia)数(shu)(shu)据(ju)(ju),然后传(chuan)输至地(di)面系(xi)统进(jin)行(xing)智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)能(neng)(neng)分(fen)析(xi)(xi)和信号反馈,通过(guo)地(di)面与井(jing)下(xia)装(zhuang)备(bei)执行(xing)控制指令,对井(jing)下(xia)工况进(jin)行(xing)智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)能(neng)(neng)管理(li)(li)与优化(hua)(hua)。其中(zhong),智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)能(neng)(neng)化(hua)(hua)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)产(chan)(chan)关键(jian)工程技(ji)(ji)术主要涉及(ji)油(you)(you)(you)(you)藏生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)产(chan)(chan)动(dong)态(tai)实时(shi)四维解(jie)释技(ji)(ji)术、智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)能(neng)(neng)驱(qu)(qu)替提(ti)高(gao)(gao)油(you)(you)(you)(you)田(tian)(tian)(tian)采(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)收率技(ji)(ji)术、多元海(hai)量(liang)(liang)数(shu)(shu)据(ju)(ju)智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)能(neng)(neng)分(fen)析(xi)(xi)利用(yong)技(ji)(ji)术。油(you)(you)(you)(you)气(qi)(qi)智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)能(neng)(neng)化(hua)(hua)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)产(chan)(chan)主要涉及(ji)油(you)(you)(you)(you)田(tian)(tian)(tian)智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)能(neng)(neng)监测装(zhuang)备(bei),获取各个环节(jie)动(dong)态(tai)信息,为(wei)(wei)油(you)(you)(you)(you)气(qi)(qi)藏实时(shi)解(jie)释、油(you)(you)(you)(you)气(qi)(qi)开(kai)采(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)能(neng)(neng)分(fen)析(xi)(xi)提(ti)供支(zhi)撑。同时(shi),在(zai)油(you)(you)(you)(you)气(qi)(qi)田(tian)(tian)(tian)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)产(chan)(chan)中(zhong)会产(chan)(chan)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)海(hai)量(liang)(liang)数(shu)(shu)据(ju)(ju),需要利用(yong)深度学(xue)习与数(shu)(shu)据(ju)(ju)挖(wa)掘(jue)等(deng)(deng)进(jin)行(xing)信息的(de)智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)能(neng)(neng)分(fen)析(xi)(xi),对大数(shu)(shu)据(ju)(ju)储存、计(ji)(ji)算(suan)装(zhuang)备(bei)的(de)性(xing)能(neng)(neng)也提(ti)出了(le)(le)更严苛的(de)要求。此外(wai)(wai),纳米智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)能(neng)(neng)驱(qu)(qu)油(you)(you)(you)(you)剂由于(yu)可以(yi)显著提(ti)高(gao)(gao)低(di)渗透油(you)(you)(you)(you)藏的(de)采(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)收率,已(yi)得到(dao)了(le)(le)国(guo)(guo)内外(wai)(wai)高(gao)(gao)度关注。当前,Anadarko 石(shi)(shi)油(you)(you)(you)(you)公(gong)司(si)(si)基(ji)于(yu) Delaware 盆地(di)微生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu) DNA 正(zheng)在(zai)构(gou)建(jian)(jian)庞大监测数(shu)(shu)据(ju)(ju)库,用(yong)于(yu)分(fen)析(xi)(xi)油(you)(you)(you)(you)气(qi)(qi)藏生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)产(chan)(chan)动(dong)态(tai)。油(you)(you)(you)(you)藏机器人可以(yi)准确监测复(fu)杂条件下(xia)温度、压力(li)等(deng)(deng)信息,已(yi)成为(wei)(wei)国(guo)(guo)内外(wai)(wai)研究(jiu)前沿(yan),阿美石(shi)(shi)油(you)(you)(you)(you)公(gong)司(si)(si)在(zai)该领域开(kai)展(zhan)了(le)(le)积极(ji)研究(jiu)。而壳牌公(gong)司(si)(si)利用(yong)大数(shu)(shu)据(ju)(ju)、云计(ji)(ji)算(suan)建(jian)(jian)立了(le)(le)油(you)(you)(you)(you)田(tian)(tian)(tian)管理(li)(li)系(xi)统, 初步实现(xian)了(le)(le)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)产(chan)(chan)自动(dong)调控。为(wei)(wei)了(le)(le)提(ti)高(gao)(gao)油(you)(you)(you)(you)田(tian)(tian)(tian)采(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)收率,中(zhong)石(shi)(shi)油(you)(you)(you)(you)、中(zhong)石(shi)(shi)化(hua)(hua)等(deng)(deng)在(zai)智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)能(neng)(neng)精细注水(shui)、智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)能(neng)(neng)纳米驱(qu)(qu)油(you)(you)(you)(you)剂提(ti)高(gao)(gao)采(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)收率方(fang)面进(jin)行(xing)了(le)(le)积极(ji)探索。加拿大自然资(zi)源公(gong)司(si)(si)也开(kai)展(zhan)聚合(he)物(wu)纳米微球提(ti)高(gao)(gao)采(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)收率先导试验。此外(wai)(wai),中(zhong)国(guo)(guo)在(zai)超级计(ji)(ji)算(suan)机方(fang)面发展(zhan)迅速,已(yi)达到(dao)国(guo)(guo)际先进(jin)水(shui)平,为(wei)(wei)油(you)(you)(you)(you)气(qi)(qi)开(kai)采(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)中(zhong)海(hai)量(liang)(liang)数(shu)(shu)据(ju)(ju)存储、计(ji)(ji)算(suan)、分(fen)析(xi)(xi)等(deng)(deng)方(fang)面研究(jiu)奠定(ding)了(le)(le)重(zhong)要基(ji)础(chu)。


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